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Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Web Page  No 2202

13th October 2015
Top Picture: Margaret Rutherford

 Second Picture: Stringer Davis

Third Picture: In Blythe Spirit

Margaret Rutherford.
There appeared at time in the early 1960’s that whatever film you went to see Margaret Rutherford was almost certain to be in it.
She first came to prominence following World War II in the film adaptations of  Blithe Spirit, and Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest. In 1963 she won the best supporting actress Oscar and a Golden Globe for her role as The Duchess of Brighton in The VIPs and  was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1961 and a Dame Commander (DBE) in 1967.

Her early life was overshadowed by tragedy. Her father was William Rutherford Benn, a journalist and poet and member of the famous Benn family of London. One month after his marriage to Florence, née Nicholson, on 16th  December 1882, he suffered a nervous breakdown and was admitted to Bethnal House Lunatic Asylum. Released to travel under family supervision, he murdered his father, the Reverend Julius Benn, a Congregational minister, by bludgeoning him to death with a chamber pot, before he slashed his own throat with a pocket knife at an inn in Matlock on 4th March 1883. Following the inquest, William Benn was certified insane and moved to Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum. Seven years later, on 26th  July 1890, he was discharged from Broadmoor, reunited with his wife and legally dropped his surname.

Margaret Taylor Rutherford was an only child and was born in 1892 in Balham. Margaret's father's brother Sir John Benn, 1st Baronet was a British politician and her first cousin once removed was British Labour politician Tony Benn. Hoping to start a new life far from the scene of their recent troubles, the Rutherfords emigrated to Madras. However, Margaret was returned to Britain when she was three to live with her aunt, Bessie Nicholson, in Wimbledon, after her pregnant mother committed suicide by hanging herself from a tree. At twelve years old, Margaret learned that her father was not dead as she had been by her relatives but, in fact, had been readmitted to Broadmoor Hospital in 1903, where he remained under care until his death in 1921.

Her parents' mental afflictions along with a fear that she might succumb to similar maladies haunted her for the rest of her life and contributed to intermittent bouts of depression and anxiety.

She was educated at Wimbledon High School and, from the age of 13, at Raven's Croft School, a boarding school in Seaford. While there, she developed an interest in the theatre and performed in amateur dramatics. Upon leaving school, her aunt Bessie paid for her to have private acting lessons. Also, when Bessie died, it was money from her legacy that allowed Margaret to secure entry into the Old Vic School.

Unbeknown to many she was a talented pianist who first found work as a piano teacher and a teacher of elocution and went into acting late in life, making her stage debut at the Old Vi cin 1925, aged 33. As her celebrated "spaniel jowls" and bulky frame made the part of a romantic heroine out of the question, she soon established her name in comedy, appearing in many of the most successful British plays and films. She made her first appearance in London's West End in 1933 but her talent was not recognised until her performance as Miss Prism in John Gielgud's production of The Importance of Being Earnest  in 1939. In 1941 Noël Coward's Blithe Spirit opened on the London stage at the Piccadilly Theatre, with Noel Coward himself directing. She received rave reviews from audiences and critics alike for her portrayal of the bumbling Madame Arcati. Another theatrical success during the war years included her part as the sinister housekeeper Mrs Danvers in Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca in 1940.Her stage career was now set but although she made her film debut in 1936, it was her Madame Arcati in David Lean's film of Blithe Spirit in 1945 that actually established her screen success.

But her forte was comedy, although she always said that no one was more surprised than her when the audience laughed. More comedies followed, including Trouble in Store (1953) with Norman WisdomThe Runaway Bus (1954) with Frankie Howerd and An Alligator Named Daisy(1955) with Donald Sinden and Diana Dors. she then rejoined Norman Wisdom in Just My Luck and co-starred in The Smallest Show on Earth with Virginia McKennaPeter Sellers and Leslie Phillips. She also joined a host of distinguished comedy stars, including Ian Carmichael and Peter Sellers, in the Boulting Brothers satire I'm All Right Jack.

In the early 1960s she appeared as Miss Jane Marple in a series of four  films loosely based on the novels of Agatha Christie. The films depicted Miss Marple as a colourful character, respectable but bossy and eccentric and it was her outstanding performance in this role that set the mould for Miss Marple on screen for years to come. The actress, then aged in her 70s, insisted on wearing her own clothes for the part and having her husband, Stringer Davis, appear alongside her. In 1963 Christie dedicated her novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side "To Margaret Rutherford in admiration", though the novelist too was critical of the films for diverging from her original plots and playing dramatic scenes for laughs

In 1945 she had married character actor Stringer Davis after a courtship that lasted for 15 years. Stringer Davis' mother reportedly considered Margaret Rutherford an unsuitable match for her son and their marriage were postponed until Mrs Davis' demise. The ex-serviceman and actor rarely left his wife's side, serving as her private secretary, gofer and general dogsbody. More importantly, he nursed and comforted her through periodic debilitating depressions. These illnesses, sometimes involving stays in mental hospitals and electric shock treatment, were kept hidden from the press during her life.

Towards the end of her life she suffered from Alzheimer's and was unable to work. Stringer Davis cared for his wife at their Buckinghamshire home until her death on 22nd May 1972, aged 80. Many of Britain's top actors, including John GielgudRalph RichardsonFlora Robson and Joyce Grenfell, attended a memorial Service of Thanksgiving at the Actors' Church, St Paul's, Covent Garden on 21st  July 1972, where 90-year-old Sybil Thorndike praised her friend's enormous talent and recalled that she had "never said anything horrid about anyone".[10]
She and her husband (who died in 1973) are interred at the graveyard of St. James's Church, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire. "A Blithe Spirit" is inscribed on the memorial stone.

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On this day 13th October 1960-1965
On 13/10/1960 the number one single was Tell Laura I Love Her - Ricky Valance The top rated TV show was Bootsie & Snudge and the box office smash was Psycho. A pound of today's money was worth £ 13.68 and Tottenham Hotspur were on the way to becoming the Season's Division 1 champions. The big news story of the day was the start of the TV series No Hiding Place

On 13/10/1961 the number one single was Michael - The Highwaymen and the number one album was The Shadows - Shadows. The top rated TV show was Sunday Night at the London Palladium and the box office smash was One Hundred and One Dalmations. A pound of today's money was worth £13.25 and Ipswich Town were on the way to becoming the Season's Division 1 champions.

 On 13/10/1962 the number one single was Telstar - The Tornadoes and the number one album was Best of Ball Barber & Bilk. The top rated TV show was Coronation Street and the box office smash was Lawrence of Arabia. A pound of today's money was worth £12.89 and Everton were on the way to becoming the Season's Division 1 champions.

 On 13/10/1963 the number one single was Do You Love Me? - Brian Poole & the Tremoloes and the number one album was Please Please Me - The Beatles. The top rated TV show was Coronation Street and the box office smash was The Great Escape. A pound of today's money was worth £12.64 and Liverpool were on the way to becoming the Season's Division 1 champions.

 On 13/10/1964 the number one single was Oh Pretty Woman - Roy Orbison and the number one album was A Hard Day's Night - Beatles. The top rated TV show was Coronation Street and the box office smash was Dr Strangelove. A pound of today's money was worth £12.24 and Manchester United were on the way to becoming the Season's Division 1 champions. Nikita Krushchev was deposed in the USSR by Leonid Brezhnev

 On 13/10/1965 the number one single was Tears - Ken Dodd and the number one album was Help - The Beatles. The top rated TV show was Coronation Street and the box office smash was The Sound of Music. A pound of today's money was worth £11.69 and Liverpool were on the way to becoming the Season's Division 1 champions.

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